5 Tips for Teaching Kids the Cybersecurity Basics
When I attended public school in the late 90s and early 00s, I learned how to perform now-archaic tasks such as writing in cursive, balancing a checkbook, and navigating the Dewey Decimal System. I’m pretty sure my compatriots from the Z and Alpha generations have never practiced dinner-party etiquette during a home economics class, and no one born after, say, 1998 knows the fear that comes with approaching a whirring circular saw during shop class. The public school curriculum in the United States has evolved over the decades, but it needs to change faster to help keep everyone safe in the digital age.
Help Wanted: Cybersecurity Educators
Cybersecurity education just isn’t being taught widely. In a 2020 survey of educators and school officials, more than half said their schools did not offer cybersecurity education (opens PDF download). The survey, which is by cyber.org, a K-12 cyber education platform funded partly by the US government’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, also found that only about a third (37%) of elementary and middle schools infused cybersecurity education into their curriculums. That’s unacceptable, especially since research shows many children start using online devices before they’re five years old.
Kids may latch onto connected tech quickly, but that doesn’t mean they know how to use it safely without guidance from the adults in their lives. Now that mobile malware is a growing concern (opens PDF download), it’s time to start teaching basic online security rules in school and at home.
Teaching Cybersecurity Education at Home
A lot of parents don’t know where to begin when it comes to teaching kids how to be safer online. Luckily, you don’t need to know a lot of jargon or have a computer science degree to understand online security basics. Here are five simple steps to establish a home cybersecurity curriculum.
Use the internet to find cybersecurity resources. There are many online cybersecurity courses and e-books for parents. I recommend starting your educational journey with cyber.org. This site offers many free activities and courses for parents and educators who want to learn more about cybersecurity and teach children.
Keep your data to yourself. Don’t want your kids to share the intimate details of their lives with strangers online? As an adult, you should consider holding back from oversharing online too. Scammers can use the information you or your kids share on your online social profiles or chat messages to commit identity theft. Be a good role model by protecting your personal information at every turn online and teaching kids to do the same.
Introduce your kids to a password manager and help them create their vault. Password managers eliminate the need to remember incredibly complex strings of characters, and they keep your online accounts safe. Invest in a Family or Premium password management system, and allow your kids to maintain their logins. The child may lock themselves out of the password manager if they forget the master password, so I suggest using a passwordless login solution such as Keeper. By going passwordless, your child can get into their password vault using a mobile authenticator or biometric methods, such as a fingerprint or face scan.
Monitor engagement on social platforms. Kids often use the internet for gaming, social media, and streaming. You may be able to suss out a potential online scam situation or other inappropriate chatter just by observing your child’s online activity. A free parental control solution such as Google’s Family Link or Apple’s Screen Time can give you an overview of your child’s online activity throughout the day. If your children are young, you may want to keep their computer or another online device in a public area of the home, so they can talk to you in person about any iffy online behavior they encounter.
- Establish household best practices for online security. When you give children their first internet-connected devices, take the time to establish some house rules, and keep an open and ongoing dialogue about them. Here are five suggested starter rules:
Do not store credit card information or other sensitive information in online accounts.
Create and store all online login information in a password manager.
Keep the antivirus software running in the background.
Do not download apps that aren’t from Google Play or Apple’s App Store.
- Use extreme caution when clicking links from people you don’t know.
Go Beyond Parental Control Apps
In the past, I’ve discussed the benefits and limitations of using parental control software to keep kids safe online. The best parental control applications can make it harder for your child to access websites with adult subject matter. However, the software cannot teach kids how not to fall for scammers chatting them up on random Discord servers or how to spot and avoid common phishing attempts via chat, emails, or direct messages.
Some parental control apps may detect social media conversations that are getting too heated. Still, I haven’t seen any that can successfully identify an online scammer hoping to bilk money, credit card numbers, or other personal information from a child via an in-game chat system. Until schools start teaching kids how to interact online safely, it’s up to the adults in their lives to take charge of their cybersecurity education.