Five deadly earthquakes in Afghanistan

2022, earthquake in Paktika and Khost provinces

On Wednesday morning, Afghanistan witnessed one of the deadliest earthquakes in its modern history. Only in the first hours of the earthquake in Paktika and Khost provinces, the initial death toll was over a thousand people. Many are still under the rubble. Both Taliban officials and political leaders from different sectors of the society have called for urgent help from the international community to Paktika and Khost provinces.

Afghanistan is an extremely earthquake-prone country, and at least in the past three decades, more than ten thousand people have been killed and injured by earthquakes, and thousands of families have lost their shelter.

2015, earthquake in the Hindu Kush mountains

On Monday, October 26, 2015, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake shook the Hindu Kush mountains. The United States Geological Survey announced the epicenter of this earthquake at a depth of 196 kilometers near Joram district of Badakhshan. The death toll is over 100 and the number of injured is about 600, according to government officials. Many people in Pakistan were victims of this earthquake.

2002 earthquake in Nahrin, Baghlan province

On the night of March 26, 2002, an earthquake with a magnitude of 6 shook the Nahrin district of Baghlan Province. Sources of the former government of Afghanistan announced the death toll in the coming days of the Nahrin earthquake to be more than 1,100 people. It is said that 9 villages and about 100,000 families became homeless due to this earthquake.

The earthquake in Nahrin occurred during the first months of the presence of the US-led international coalition forces in Afghanistan, and a lot of humanitarian aid reached the scene and the victims quickly.

1998, two earthquakes in Takhar province

Perhaps the Takhar earthquakes in February and May of 1998 were one of the deadliest earthquakes in the modern history of Afghanistan. The death toll of both earthquakes reached more than seven thousand and thousands of families lost their homes.

At the end of the nineties, Afghanistan was experiencing difficult times. The Taliban ruled most of the country, and in Takhar province, where two earthquakes occurred within a short distance, the anti-Taliban Front forces were under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Massoud.

It was difficult for the aid to reach the affected areas in Takhar province. Also, accurate reporting of earthquakes was not done due to the unrest and difficult geography of the earthquake affected areas.

In 1997, an earthquake on the border between Afghanistan and Iran

A 7.2-magnitude earthquake on the border of Afghanistan and Iran killed more than 1,500 people in both countries and completely destroyed more than 10,000 houses. The damage of this earthquake was estimated to be more than one hundred million dollars. The United States Geological Survey described the Cain earthquake as the deadliest earthquake of 1997 in the entire world.

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